About the CMLTA
In 1999, the Alberta government passed the Health Professions Act (HPA) which collectively brought all self-regulating healthcare professionals in Alberta under one legislative act. The HPA is omnibus legislation which sets out common rules for healthcare professions to self-govern and to establish standards for registration and professional practice requirements, mandatory continuing education, and formal conduct and discipline of Regulated Members. Most importantly, this legislation establishes the foundational framework for Alberta’s self-regulating bodies to ensure practitioners provide safe, competent, and ethical healthcare services to the public.
On March 1, 2002 medical laboratory technology became the second profession to come under the HPA, with the coming into force of the Medical Laboratory Technologists Profession Regulation and profession-specific Schedule 11.
Schedule 11, Section 3 of the HPA states:
In their practice, Medical Laboratory Technologists do one or more of the following:
- Collect and analyze biological samples, perform quality control procedures and communicate results that have been critically evaluated to ensure accuracy and reliability;
- Teach, manage and conduct research in the science and techniques of medical laboratory technology; and
- Provide restricted activities authorized by the regulations.
Health Professions Act – provides for a self-governance model for the healthcare professions in Alberta that allows for non-exclusive, overlapping scopes of practice in which no single healthcare profession has exclusive ownership of a specific skill or health service.
Medical Laboratory Technologists Profession Regulation – establishes the specific requirements for the Medical Laboratory Technologist profession including, but not limited to registration (register categories, renewal, reinstatement), continuing competence, and the use of the protected “MLT” title.
Health Information Act – establishes the rules for the collection, use, disclosure and protection of health information by custodians. It also provides individuals with a right of access to their health information, the right to request a correction or amendment to their health information, and oversight over the legislation.
Protection for Persons in Care Act – requires all publicly funded service providers to protect clients from abuse and prevent abuse from occurring, and requires that all abuse be reported to Protection for Persons in Care, the police, or another regulatory body.
Alberta Occupational Health and Safety Act – establishes the minimum standards for healthy and safe workplaces in Alberta. These laws are supported through the internal responsibility system and enforced through compliance activities.
Personal Information Protection Act (PIPA) – is provincial legislation which provides individuals with the right to access their own personal information while providing the private sector, including not-for-profit organizations (such as the CMLTA), with a framework for conducting the collection, use, and disclosure of personal information.
Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA) – is federal legislation which sets out national standards for privacy practices for how an organization must handle personal information in the course of conducting its business.
Both PIPA and PIPEDA share the same purpose: to govern the collection, use, and disclosure of personal information in a manner that recognizes both the right of the individuals to have their personal information protected and the need of the organization to collect, use, and disclose personal information for the intended purposes and that a reasonable person would consider appropriate.